Revealing the Mysteries of Ancient Egypt: Exploring the Stories Behind Seven Iconic Egyptian Mummies (Video)

Exhibition on Tutankhamun’s tomb

22, the famous British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the mummy of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt.

When it was discovered, Tutankhamun’s tomb was filled with ancient treasures, including jewelry, gilded altarpieces, and a solid gold mask. This “shocking” discovery fueled global fascination with Egyptian civilization.

Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered in 1922.
After decades of speculation about whether the young king died of murder, Dr. Zahi Hawass of Egypt’s supreme council of antiquities said his team believes King Tut died after breaking his leg in a chariot accident. His leg wound became infected and killed King Tut.

The mummy of King Tutankhamun.
King Tut became pharaoh when he was 9 years old and ruled for about 10 years. The discovery of his tomb fueled the myth of the mummy’s curse when Carter’s partner and financier, Egyptologist George Herbert, died from a mosquito bite a few months later.

2. Mummy of Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut is one of the most prominent female figures in Egyptian history, establishing new trade routes and carrying out major construction projects before her death at the age of 50 in 1458 BC and reigning for almost two decades.
Temple of Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut was the half-sister and wife of Pharaoh Thutmose II. According to custom, she was appointed regent for her son after the death of her husband. However, within a few years he proclaimed himself pharaoh. Hatshepsut was also discovered by Carter in 1902, but her coffin was empty.

Mummy of Hatshepsut
Carter excavated a separate grave containing two coffins: one of the queen’s wet nurse and another of an unidentified woman. In 2006, Egyptian archaeologist and former Minister of State for Antiquities Zahi Hawass and his team attempted to determine whether the other woman could be the missing queen.

A molar found in a wooden box bearing Hatshepsut’s name perfectly matched the space in the mummy’s upper jaw, leading Dr. Hawass to believe that the mummy was actually Hatshepsut. CT scans of Hatshepsut’s supposed mummy show that she died at age fifty due to a ruptured abscess after a tooth was removed. Metastases from bone cancer, as well as from liver cancer and diabetes, can also be observed.

3. Mummy of Thutmose III

Thutmose III was the son of Pharaoh Thutmose II; His mother was one of the king’s concubines, her name was Isis. Thutmose III ruled the country with his stepmother and his aunt, Hatshepsut, for 22 years.

A few months after coming to power, Thutmose III led his army of 20,000 soldiers to Megiddo, in modern-day northern Israel, a place better known by its Greek name Armageddon. Thutmose III’s scribe accompanied him on this journey and recorded the campaign in detail, an invaluable chronicle now known as the Chronicle of Thutmose III.

Portrait sculpture of Thutmose III.
Thutmose III was a brilliant military strategist. He transformed Egypt from an introspective kingdom to a victorious and conquering nation. Historians also call him “Napoleon of Egypt.”

4. Seti yo mom

Menmaatre Seti I was pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. Seti I was the only son of Ramses I and Queen Sitre. During the early years of his reign, Seti led his army north to restore Egypt’s prestige, which had been partly lost during the difficult years of the late 18th Dynasty.

He fought in northern Palestine and Syria. Seti I’s greatest achievement in foreign policy was the capture of the Syrian city of Kadesh and the neighboring territory of Amurru from the Hittite empire.

Momia de Seti I.
Seti fortified Egypt’s borders, opened mines and quarries, dug wells, and rebuilt decaying or damaged temples and shrines. He also took charge of the construction of the great temple of Karnak, started by his father.

Seti I was buried in the Valley of the Kings in Thebes, Egypt. The tomb was discovered in 1817 by Giovanni Battista Belzoni. His mummy was not found here, but was found in tomb DB320 in Deir el-Bahri.

5. Mummy of Ramses II

Ramses II also known as Ramses the Great, is one of the most famous Egyptian pharaohs of all time. Ramses II reigned for almost 60 years and died when he was about 90 years old. Many sources believe that he had more than 100 children.
Biography of Ramses II

Mummy of Ramses II.
His mummy was discovered in 1881 in the Valley of the Kings. Ramses II’s body was brought to Paris in 1974 to be treated for a fungal infection. According to Egyptian law, the dead must also have complete documents in order to travel abroad.

The mummy of Ramesses II received a passport from the Egyptian government and became the first mummy to receive this privilege. Not only does it have a photo of Ramses II’s face, the passport also has a section declaring the ancient Egyptian pharaoh’s occupation as “King (deceased).” The mummy of Ramesses II was received with the ceremony typical of a king upon his arrival in France.

6. Mummy Meritamen

Meritamen is the daughter and queen of Pharaoh Ramses II, the great pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Consanguineous marriage was common in ancient Egypt.

Momia deserves it.
It is unclear whether Meritamen died during his father’s reign or during Merneptah’s reign. Meritamen’s coffin lid is currently located in Berlin, Germany. Her titles and names are written on it, such as: Daughter of the King, Great Royal Wife, God Osiris…

7. Mummy Ahmose-Nefertari

Queen Ahmose-Nefertari was born in the ancient city of Thebes. She was the first queen of the 18th Dynasty. Ahmose-Nefertari was the chief queen of Pharaoh Ahmose I and the mother of Amenhotep I.

Mummy of Ahmose-Nefertari.
The queen died in 1495 BC. She was buried in Dra Abu el Naga, Egypt. Ahmose-Nefertari’s mummy was then moved to the DB320 mausoleum to avoid the gaze of grave robbers.

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